College admissions in the United States refers to the process of applying for entrance to institutions of higher education for undergraduate study at one of the nation’s 2,675 four-year nonprofit schools. Generally, the college search begins in the student’s junior year of high school (equivalent to Class 11th of the Indian system) with most activity taking place during the senior year (equivalent to Class 12th of the Indian system), although students at top high schools often begin the process during their sophomore year. In addition, there are considerable numbers of college students who transfer, as well as adults older than high school age who apply to college.
In the U.S., High School refers to the period from Grade 9 to Grade 12.
Freshmen are 9th graders or first year students.
Sophomores are 10th graders or second year students.
Juniors are 11th graders.
Seniors are 12th graders.
System of Education in the US
To attain a Bachelor’s Degree in the United States, students have to complete an Undergraduate Program in a College or an Under-graduate School, affiliated to a University. A Graduate school in the United States offers a Masters Program (Post Graduation).
Bachelor’s degrees in the United States are typically designed to be completed in four years of full-time study, although some programs (such as engineering or architecture) usually take five, and some universities and colleges allow ambitious students (usually with the help of summer school, who are taking many classes each semester, and/or who have existing credit from high school Advanced Placement course exams) to complete them in as little as three years. Some U.S. colleges and universities have a separate academic track known as an “honors” or “scholars” program, generally offered to the top percentile of students (based on GPA), that offers more challenging.
courses or more individually directed seminars or research projects in lieu of the standard core curriculum.