• SAT Overview

    • What is the structure of the SAT?

    • What are the components in the SAT?

    • How much time do we get for the SAT?

    • How Is the SAT Scored?

    Here we cover basic information on the SAT and the overall strategies for approaching the test – the fundamentals needed to be ready for the exam and improve your score. Knowing this information will make you feel more confident when you walk into the testing room. As the more confidence you have, the more success you will have in attaining a top score.


    The SAT is a 4 hour and 10 minute long test which includes 3 hours and 50 minutes of testing time and two 5 minute breaks. Except for the essay, rest of the exam is objective in nature, mostly multiple-choice, and some grid-in questions where you need to write down the answer. The exam is divided into five sections – Reading section, Writing and Language section, two Math sections, and essay section. The multiple-choice sections can appear in any order on Test Day. The order is random, and your test will be different from that of the person sitting next to you.

    The SAT sections are broken down like this :





    1. Reading Section

    65 minutes

    52 Multiple-choice questions, each with four options from 2 normal passages, 2 passages (with supplementary material also) and a Dual Passage

    52 Multiple-choice questions with four options on Reading Comprehension

    5 minute break

    2. Writing and Language Section

    35 minutes

    44 multiple choice questions on 4 passages

    24 questions on Expression of Ideas by :

    1. Editing the text in terms of rhetorical purpose

    2. Improving the logic and coherence of text at the level of sentence, paragraph, or entire passage

    3. Improve language use to make sure it reinforces rhetorical purposes

    20 questions on editing of text to conform to standard written English conventions of sentence structure, usage, and punctuation.

    3. Math Calculator Section

    55 minutes

    38 questions including 30 multiple-choice + 6

    student-produced response (grid-in) + 1 extended-thinking

    question set (grid-in)

    Multiple-choice questions and student- produced responses on Heart of Algebra, Problem-Solving and Data Analysis, Passport to Advanced Math, and Additional Topics in Math

    5 minute break

    4. Math No – Calculator Section

    25 minutes

    20 questions including 15 multiple-choice + 5 student-produced response (grid-in)

    Multiple-choice questions and student- produced responses on Heart of Algebra, Passport to Advanced Math, Additional Topics in Math

    5 minute break

    5. Essay (Optional)

    50 minutes

    An analysis of how an author makes the argument in a given argumentative passage of about 700 words.

    The redesigned SAT Essay Test expects you to write a Long-form essay and demonstrate:

    • Careful analysis and comprehension of the passage

    • Discerning use of textual evidence to develop and support your own points

    • Clear organization and expression of ideas

    Except for the Essay section, which always comes as the last section, other sections can be jumbled in order and can appear in any sequence, though the two Math sections will come together.

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