The Aptitude Test checks whether a candidate has the desired potential and attitude for a doing a certain job. These aptitude Tests test you for parameters which are not the focus area during school or college education. Though these tests seem to have a lot of questions based on Math and English, still abilities being tested are not the same as these familiar areas.

Verbal Ability

The most frequently tested topics in Verbal Ability are Reading Comprehension, English Grammar, and Vocabulary. Verbal Ability is based on the English language skills taught during school years, though the questions do not seem the same.

English in School – In school, you teachers spent a lot of time to teach you concepts of grammar, English Usage, vocabulary, unseen and seen passages, essays, fill in the blanks, etc. and helped you to develop a sense of English language by making you converse only in English language while in school. If you remember, back in school days, English was a subject which was easy to score in.

Verbal Ability in Aptitude Tests – English or its Aptitude Test avatar called as Verbal Ability, now comes back with a vengeance as a subject which would be harder to score in and even more difficult to improve scores.

You can be tested for grammar, reading comprehension, parajumbles, vocabulary, fill in the blanks in sentences, essay writing, etc.

To improve your performance in Verbal Ability questions of Aptitude Tests, you will have to prepare at three levels :

Step 1 –  Study the concepts of grammar and English usage taught in the school syllabus and attempt the kind of questions that appeared in school exams. Build up your vocabulary by referring to a good dictionary (Collins preferred) each time you come across an unfamiliar word. Then, mentally make a sentence using that word in the right manner and finally use that word in your normal conversation to etch up its meaning in your memory. Mugging up word lists helps but this is a boring way to build vocabulary. Any book on vocabulary building by Norman Lewis and Wilfred Funk are beneficial as they are interesting and fruitful, but you do not need to refer to a book named “Romantic Stories behind Words”. This book is for your teachers to study from.

Step 2 –  Attempt objective type Multiple Choice Questions on the Reading Comprehension, Grammar, Sentence Construction, Sentence Completion, Parajumbles, etc under time constraints of one minute per question. In the same step, get a clear exposure of various designs in which these questions appear, say General, Specific and Perception questions of reading comprehension, Sentence Correction, Error ID, Fill in the blanks, Paragraph Improvement  etc. Try to figure out yourself that if you get a question wrong despite using the right concepts, then is the question asking for some other kind of an answer. Understand why a right answer is right and your answer is wrong. This comparison and research will develop your sense of Verbal Ability if you do not have a specialized teacher of Verbal Ability helping you.

Step 3 –  Now take simulated exams or mock tests on the lines of your actual placement aptitude test and understand why despite knowing all concepts you are still not getting a perfect 100% score. The reasons can range from forgetting concepts, doing slower calculations, silly mistakes in understanding the language of questions or in calculation steps, etc. Whatever be the problems, identify them, plug them and never repeat the identified mistakes.

Quantitative Aptitude

If we talk about Math, the difficulty level of questions never exceeds the standard of class Xth but still a candidate who knows class Xth Math may not get all questions of Math correct or may not be able to attempt all the questions within the allocated time. To understand this phenomenon we need to compare the school method of learning Math and the way Math is tested in Aptitude Tests.

Math in School – When Math is taught in school, then the focus of the school teachers is on making you understand Math and learn the technically acceptable way of solving the problems. The school teachers not only give you marks for arriving at the right answer but also for using the correct procedure. The school teachers make you mug up tables, square and cube root values and prove theorems. Here the focus of school education is in teaching you the right concepts, give a lot of calculation practice and inculcate the right procedures.

Math in Aptitude Tests – Math when it appears in Aptitude Tests is not the school type Math, but is rather termed as Numerical Ability / Quantitative Aptitude / Basic Numeracy, a very different subject as compared to Math. Hard core Mathematics is not tested in Aptitude Tests, but Quantitative Aptitude questions check easy concepts, with less calculations, though the tricky language of questions and trickier concepts ensure that you get a lot of questions wrong despite knowing the mathematical concepts behind them.

Put simply, Quantitative Aptitude checks the sharpness of your brain by giving questions of common sense in the language of Mathematics. So you need to know math to excel, but knowledge of school or college math is just not enough.

You can be tested by questions based on basic Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Math, etc. But you don’t have to prove theorems, and the questions neither have difficult Mathematical concepts, nor do they require long complex calculations.

To improve your performance in Quantitative Aptitude questions of Aptitude Tests, you will have to prepare at three levels :

Step 1 –  Study the concepts of Math taught in the syllabus of class IX and X and attempt the kind of questions that appeared in school exams.

Step 2 –  Attempt objective type Multiple Choice Questions on the same topics under time constraints of one minute per question. In the same step, get a clear exposure of various designs in which these questions appear, say Problem Solving, Data Interpretation, Data Sufficiency, Quantitative Comparison, etc.

Step 3 –  Now take simulated exams or mock tests on the lines of your actual placement aptitude test and understand why despite knowing all concepts you are still not getting a perfect 100% score. The reasons can range from forgetting concepts, doing slower calculations, silly mistakes in understanding the language of questions or in calculation steps, etc. Whatever be the problems, identify them, plug them and never repeat the identified mistakes.

Reasoning

For Reasoning, you will come across various terms such as Logical Reasoning / Critical Reasoning / Analytical Ability / Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning. As a human being, we are not taught reasoning as a subject in school or in college, but we learn Reasoning automatically by our experiences and by observing others. For example, we observe that being careless while crossing a road can cause accidents, so we reason out that we need to be careful on the road.

You can be tested by questions based on Logical Reasoning, Critical Reasoning, Analytical Ability, General Mental Ability, Integrated Reasoning, etc. In case of Reasoning questions, you may be familiar with most of the tested concepts but you need an exposure of different designs of Reasoning questions, check in which type are you making a mistake, learn the right method and not repeat the mistakes.

To improve your performance in Reasoning questions of Aptitude Tests, you will have to prepare at three levels :

Step 1 –  Buy two general books on reasoning from the market (R.S.Aggarwal, TMH, Cengage Learning,  etc, ) and start blindly attempting all questions without worrying about the syllabus. Different designs of questions in Reasoning may check the same set of skills so practicing every topic helps.

Step 2 –  Attempt objective type Multiple Choice Questions on Reasoning under time constraints of one minute per question. In the same step, get a clear exposure of various designs in which these questions appear, say Deductive Logic, Logical Reasoning, Critical Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, Non-Verbal Reasoning, etc. If you tend to make mistakes on any type of reasoning questions, don’t accept it – instead do research and see why you are making any mistake and practice till you get perfect. Reasoning is not an area where anyone should be making mistakes.

Step 3 –  Now take simulated exams or mock tests on the lines of your actual placement aptitude test and understand why despite knowing all concepts you are still not getting a perfect 100% score. The reasons can range from forgetting concepts, doing slower calculations, silly mistakes in understanding the language of questions or in solving steps, etc. Whatever be the problems, identify them, plug them and never repeat the identified mistakes.

Domain Knowledge

While preparing for your exams at your Engineering College or B.School, please focus not only on passing the exams and getting a good score, but also focus on understanding things and developing a sense of what is being taught. These are two different methods of study. Passing and Getting a good score in college exams can be done by working according to the trend of the exam in past years and doing selective study, but this short cut procedure does not help in cracking the domain knowledge questions in Aptitude Test, and Technical Interview. True domain knowledge, the way it is tested in Aptitude Test, and Technical Interview needs a certain sense of subjects which needs a deeper understanding. Inculcate these study habits early, because once the placement season is on your head, then you will not have time to work on this area.

Attitude

Every employer is looking for a specific set of skills from job-seekers that match the skills necessary to perform a particular job. But beyond these job-specific technical skills, certain skills are nearly universally sought by employers. The good news is that most job-seekers possess these skills to some extent. The better news is that job-seekers with weaknesses in these areas can improve their skills through training, professional development, or obtaining coaching/mentoring from someone who understands these skills.

During Group Discussion and Personal Interview, you will get chances of exhibiting the most important values employers look for in employees :

  1. Great Communication Skills

A good domain knowledge is not enough as you have to work in teams where to make the overall team excel, every member of the team has to communicate with others to keep work synchronized. Communication skills comprise of three abilities – express yourself with clarity, patiently hear out the other person before you respond and communicate according to the personality needs of the other person.

  1. Strong Work Ethic

Employers value employees who understand and possess a willingness to work hard. In addition to working hard it is also important to work smart. This means learning the most efficient way to complete tasks and finding ways to save time while completing daily assignments. It’s also important to care about your job and complete all projects while maintaining a positive attitude. Doing more than is expected on the job is a good way to show management that you utilize good time management skills and don’t waste valuable company time attending to personal issues not related to the job. Downsizing in today’s job market is quite common so it’s important to recognize the personal values and attributes employers want to improve your chances of job security should a layoff occur.

  1. Dependability and Responsibility

Employers value employees who come to work on time, are there when they are suppose to be, and are responsible for their actions and behavior. It’s important to keep supervisors abreast of changes in your schedule or if you are going to be late for any reason. This also means keeping your supervisor informed on where you are on all projects you have been assigned. Being dependable and responsible as an employee shows your employer that you value your job and that you are responsible in keeping up with projects and keeping them informed of the things that they should know about.

  1. Possessing a Positive Attitude.

Employers seek employees who take the initiative and have the motivation to get the job done in a reasonable period of time. A positive attitude gets the work done and motivates others to do the same without dwelling on the challenges that inevitably come up in any job. It is the enthusiastic employee who creates an environment of good will and who provides a positive role model for others. A positive attitude is something that is most valued by supervisors and co-workers and that also makes the job more pleasant and fun to go to each day.

  1. Adaptability

Employers seek employees who are adaptable and maintain flexibility in completing tasks in an ever changing workplace. Being open to change and improvements provides an opportunity to complete work assignments in a more efficient manner while offering additional benefits to the corporation, the customer, and even the employee. While oftentimes employees complain that changes in the workplace don’t make sense or makes their work harder, oftentimes these complaints are due to a lack of flexibility.

Adaptability also means adapting to the personality and work habits of co-workers and supervisors. Each person possesses their own set or strengths and adapting personal behaviors to accommodate others is part of what it takes to work effectively as a team. By viewing change as an opportunity to complete work assignments in a more efficient manner, adapting to change can be a positive experience. New strategies, ideas, priorities, and work habits can foster a belief among workers that management and staff are both committed to making the workplace a better place to work.

  1. Honesty and Integrity

Employers value employees who maintain a sense of honesty and integrity above all else. Good relationships are built on trust. When working, an employer wants to know that they can trust what you say and what you do. Successful businesses work to gain the trust of customers and maintain the attitude that “the customer is always right”. It is the responsibility of each person to use their own individual sense of moral and ethical behavior when working with and serving others within the scope of their job.

  1. Self – Motivated

Employers look for employees who require little supervision and direction to get the work done in a timely and professional manner. Supervisors who hire self-motivated employees do themselves an immense favor. For self-motivated employees require very little direction from their supervisors. Once a self-motivated employee understands his/her responsibility on the job, they will do it without any prodding from others. Employers can do their part by offering a safe, supportive, work environment that offers employees an opportunity to learn and grow. Working in a supportive work environment and taking the initiative to be self-directive will provide employees with a better sense of accomplishment and increased self-esteem.

  1. Motivated to Grow & Learn

In an ever-changing workplace, employers seek employees who are interested in keeping up with new developments and knowledge in the field. It has been noted that one of the top reasons employees leave their employers is the lack of opportunity for career development within the organization. Learning new skills, techniques, methods, and/or theories through professional development helps keep the organization at the top of its field and makes the employee’s job more interesting and exciting. Keeping up with current changes in the field is vital for success and increased job security.

  1. Strong Self – Confidence

Self-confidence has been recognized as the key ingredient between someone who is successful and someone who is not. A self – confident person is someone who inspires others. A self-confident person is not afraid to ask questions on topics where they feel they need more knowledge. They feel little need to have to impress others with what they know since they feel comfortable with themselves and don’t feel they need to know everything.

The self-confident person does what he/she feels is right and is willing to take risks. Self- confident people can also admit their mistakes. They recognize their strengths as well as their weaknesses and are willing to work on the latter. Self-confident people have faith in themselves and their abilities which is manifested in their positive attitude and outlook on life.

  1. Professionalism

Employers value employees who exhibit professional behavior at all times. Professional behavior includes learning every aspect of a job and doing it to the best of one’s ability. Professionals look, speak, and dress accordingly to maintain an image of someone who takes pride in their behavior and appearance. Professionals complete projects as soon as possible and avoid letting uncompleted projects pile up. Professionals complete high quality work and are detail oriented. Professional behavior includes all of the behavior above in addition to providing a positive role model for others. Professionals are enthusiastic about their work and optimistic about the organization and its future. To become a professional you must feel like a professional and following these tips is a great start to getting to where you want to go.

  1. Loyalty

Employers value employees they can trust and who exhibit their loyalty to the company. Loyalty in the workforce has taken on a new meaning. Gone are the days when employees plan on starting out and retiring with the same company. It is said that most people will hold between 8 – 12 jobs throughout their career. What does this mean in terms of loyalty in today’s workforce?

Companies offering employee growth and opportunity will ultimately gain a sense of loyalty from their employees. Employees today want to feel a sense of satisfaction in their jobs and will do a good job when they feel that the employer is fair and wants to see them succeed. Although this may mean only staying for five or ten years in a position, employees can offer loyalty and make an important contribution during their time with the company.

More companies today encourage employee feedback and offer employees an opportunity to lead in their area of expertise. This gives employees a greater sense of satisfaction and a sense of control over their job. Empowerment encourages employees to do their best work since companies are displaying a trust and expectation that they believe in their employees to do a good job.

Offering jobs that encourage learning and the development of new skills also gives employees a sense of empowerment in the workplace. Aligning an employee’s values with the goals of the organization will foster loyalty and a bond between employer and employee. Fostering good relationships within an organization and offering constructive ways to handle conflict provides a win – win situation for both employer and employee. Creating an organization that values loyalty within the organization can also work to its benefit by using the same techniques and strategies to establish loyalty with customers; and loyalty from customers ultimately makes for a successful business.

Hallmarks of Intelligence

People with high IQ think and behave differently as compared to us, mere mortals. Aptitude tests are designed after studying very intelligent people who have IQ scores above a 250. The different attitude and behaviour of very intelligent people is tested in IQ tests.

Very intelligent people look for clarity, and symmetry in language and avoid redundancy in verbal ability questions. Very intelligent people focus on accuracy and calculate carefully in quantitative aptitude questions. Very intelligent people use certain strategies to solve questions. A strategy is a method of solving a question so that silly mistakes can be avoided and question can be attempted in less time.

To develop the hallmarks of intelligence, try to find out why some of your answers on aptitude test may be right according to conventional knowledge but still do not get you marks.  During our programs , we focus on such issues to help you get a perfect score on Aptitude Tests.

1 Comment

  1. Jorja -  May 2, 2017 - 11:23 am

    Haha. I woke up down today. You’ve cheeerd me up!

    Reply

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